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작성일 : 11-11-18 11:58
[Research Report] Energy Alternatives: Debates and Conflicts in Korea
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   Energy Alternatives- Debates and Conflicts in Korea.pdf (198.2K) [17] DATE : 2011-11-18 11:58:45
Energy Alternatives: Debates and Conflicts in Korea


This report is prepared for Larry Lohmann’s project to collect and compare experiences and debates on energy alternatives of many countries. Lohmann is critical researcher and social activist affiliated with Corner House in the U.K. In his email requesting for a Korean report, while introducing the undergoing project, he pointed out that there are many countries searching for energy alternatives in their discussion and practices but no discourse is taking place on for whom those alternatives are. We profoundly agree with his opinion. There are numerous approaches and detailed policies with which we find hard to agree, although they, too, were produced in response to climate change and energy crisis. Because those alternatives are destined to another danger and disaster, we deeply worry about socially unjust alternatives that are being accepted into governments and social movement sectors without proper examination in the name of urgent response to the crisis. The Korean case is not so much different.

Here in this report, we have selected eight cases of Korean debate and conflict on alternative solution. Most of them are in the field of energy policy in a broad sense. We also included cases dealing with employment related to climate and energy. In addition, there are cases with transition of energy source, cost, funding, technology, energy poverty, as well as overseas energy development. Some debate and conflict are actually taking place while some cases deal with potential debate and conflict which ECPI is in part generating or attempting to generate. These debates and conflicts are usually between the government, which launches and administrates those policies, and the civil society organization, grassroot organization, labor union and progressive political parties, which are criticizing and challenging the government. Our main concern in this report has been to show how each party in these debates and conflicts defines energy crisis and its alternatives. In some cases we chose to criticize the government policies and in other cases to show how various parties differently think of the issue.

We thank Mr. Larry Lohmann for introducing an interesting project to us, providing us an opportunity to report Korean case, and for financially supporting in having this report translated into English.

September 2011

Han Jae-Kak, Deputy Director
ECPI (Energy & Climate Policy Institute) for Just Transition in Korea

1. Transition to Low-Carbon Energy Alternative: Large-Scale Nuclear Power vs. Renewable Energy
2. Plans for Renewable Energy Increase (1): Large Enterprise-Centered Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) vs. Feed-in-Tariff
3. Plans for Renewable Energy Increase (2): Government-driven Large-Scale Tidal Power Station vs. Citizen Power Station
4. Experimenting with Energy Self-Sufficient Villages: Quantitative and Technology-Centered Top-down Approach
5. Alternative Plan for Energy Welfare: Government vs. Civil Society and Progressive Political Party
6. Energy Security Alternative plans: Overseas Energy Development
7. Plans to Reduce Greenhouse Gas: Carbon Emission Trading vs. Alternatives (Carbon Tax, PCA) 
8. Climate Change and Employment Change: Government’s Green Growth Policy vs. Labor Unions’ Just Transition Strategy

* This draft will be edited in further by Corner House


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